Wednesday, March 2, 2011

Kashmir Woolen Shawls

Kashmir shawl, type of woolen shawl woven in Kashmir. According to tradition, the founder of the industry was Zayn-ul-Abidin, a 15th-century ruler of Kashmir who introduced weavers from Turkistan. Although woolen shawls were mentioned in writings of the 3rd century Bc and the 11th century AD, it is only in the 16th century that the first specific references to Kashmir work appeared.

Kashmir Woolen Shawls

The earliest examples have a plain ground with end borders featuring large floral sprays, flower vases, and pinecones. Kashmir shawls are woven partly or wholly from goat hair called pashm. In the 19th century, shawls were classified as pashm shala (made from the hair of domesticated goats) and asli tush (made from the hair of wild goats). By this time, kashmir shawls had also become fashionable in Europe. In response to foreign tastes, the traditional designs were replaced by or adapted to patterns supplied by foreign dealers.France and Great Britain established mechanized shawl industries, one the most important centres being paisley, scot, where the kashmir shawl was imitated and woven entirely by machine.

Woolen Shawl Woven in Kashmir

No comments: